红胸秋沙鸭

Red-breasted Merganser

Mergus serrator

红胸秋沙鸭(英文名:Red-breasted Merganser,学名:Mergus serrator),是雁形目鸭科秋沙鸭属的鸟类。雄鸟俗名黑头尖嘴鸭,雌鸟俗名棕头尖嘴鸭。生活于河流,湖泊,海洋,苔原。红胸秋沙鸭春季于3月初至3月中旬开始从越冬地往北迁徙,少数迟至4月还在中国辽东半岛未迁走。秋季于10月下旬开始出现在东北南部越冬地。常成家族群或小群迁飞,偶尔也见有单只的。

繁殖区: NA, PAL : s Greenland, Iceland, n British Isles, Scandinavia to Sakhalin and Kamchatka pens., and Kuril and Commander is. (se Russia), s through n Kazakhstan and ne China; w Alaska mainland through mainland Canada from Arctic to n Great Lakes and e to Nova Scotia
非繁殖区: to coasts of s Europe (e North Atlantic), Black and Caspian seas; Japan, Korean Pen. and e China (w North Pacific); to wc Mexico (e North Pacific), Gulf Coast and Florida (w North Atlantic)

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